La batalla del Atlántico, Andrew Williams

Es curioso como en la magnitud de las dos guerras mundiales pasadas y sus vastas campañas, hay historiadores que aseveran que ambas guerras se decidieron en el mar. Luís de la Sierra y Mateo Mille por ejemplo lo aseguran en lo que toca a la Primera Guerra Mundial y en este caso, Andrew Williams lo afirma en lo tocante a la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Sin embargo, estas campañas siempre han estado en un segundo plano de estudio en comparación con las campañas terrestes o aéreas como el caso de la Batalla de Inglaterra.

Su tesis, a groso modo, es que si los alemanes hubieran conseguido extrangular definitivamente a los británicos, éstos se hubieran visto obligados a negociar una paz que hubiera dejado a los alemanes con toda Europa Occidental bajo su yugo. Con toda Europa y el Mediterráneo dominados, esto hubiera extinguido las posteriores operaciones de apertura de un segundo frente tanto en el Norte de África como por supuesto en el continente. Sigue leyendo

La Europa dividida, John H. Elliott

Ya reseñé hace unos meses el libro de Elliott sobre Richelieu y Olivares y ahora acabo de leer este pequeño volumen en el que el historiador británico examina con mirada panorámica la segunda mitad del siglo XVI. La Europa dividida cubre el periodo de profunda crisis que Europa vivió entre la firma de la Paz de Cateau-Cambresis, que determinó la renuncia total de la Francia de Enrique II a su aventura italiana –una derrota ratificada en los veinte años anteriores por Pavía y San Quintín- y la creciente tensión provocada por la falta de alternativas de los Estados europeos más poderosos –España, Francia e Inglaterra- ante los enfrentamientos religiosos en estos años. Sigue leyendo

La Traición de Roma, Santiago Posteguillo

“He sido el hombre más poderoso del mundo, pero también el más traicionado” (Publio Cornelio Escipión, el Africanus).

Siglo II a.C., la mayor amenaza para Roma ha sido derrotada por uno de sus más brillantes generales. En Zama ha concluido una batalla legendaria, Publio Cornelio Escipión ha vencido al todopodero general cartaginés, Anibal Barca. Roma respira tranquila, Aníbal ha sido hasta el momento el mayor enemigo que ha tenido en toda su historia. Un enemigo que ha llegado a sembrar el terror en las mismisimas puertas de la ciudad. Escipión derrotado todo el clan Barca, se convierte en una de las personas más poderosas del mundo, y como tal va a despertar envidia y recelo en una Roma donde sus gentes lo adoran y el Senado lo detesta. Marco Porcio Catón coje el legado de Quinto Fabio Máximo, y se postula ya como el principal rival político del clan Escipión, con Tiberio Sempronio Graco como principal apoyo a la hora de derrotar a los Escipiones en el campo de la política. Antíoco III, rey de Siria, será el último gran rival de Africanus en el campo de batalla, y los catafractos un escollo que elevarán a Escipión a la categoría de leyenda. Pero sobretodo esta es la historia de la decadencia, de la traición, del exilio, es la historia de El Crepúsculo de los Generales (como así se titula uno de los capítulos del libro). Sigue leyendo

Exploradores españoles en América, Charles F. Lummis


Desde que se tiene conciencia de estado, de institución, de empresa, etc., entre otras cosas las reglas son las que manda, las que llevan la batuta o el bastón de mando podríamos decir. La excepción se puede contar con los dedos de una mano, son las que menos, y muchas veces las menospreciadas o ‘estigmatizadas’. La persona que entra en esa tesitura muchas veces se le tilda porque sale de los cánones de la mayoría; sin embargo hay otras (muy pocas) que esa excepción sale airosa, libre y triunfante. Bueno, pues os reseño una publicación que está escrita por un hombre que verdaderamente fue una excepción a la regla, y más en su tiempo, en su época y en su cultura. Sigue leyendo

Historia de la Guerra, Geoffrey Parker (Ed)

Como ya se ha mencionado más de una vez en las recensiones de varios libros, la Historia de la humanidad está inexorablemente unida a la Historia de la guerra. El desarrollo y evolución de las distintas edades del hombre va de la mano con el desarrollo y evolución en la forma de hacer la guerra. Desde los más antiguos y primeros imperios, desde Sumer y las ciudades estado de Mesopotamia hasta hoy en día en Irak y Afganistán la guerra ha ido marcando los tiempos de reinados y civilizaciones. Este libro es un recorrido cronológico de las etapas más importantes de la humandidad y en la forma en que se ha desarrollado la guerra en cada una de ellas. Sigue leyendo

Flashman y los pieles rojas, George MacDonald Fraser

“No hay visión más inspiradora ni que más caliente el corazón que las tropas marchando a la batalla cuando uno no va con ellas”. (Sir Harry Flasham Paget)

1876,Oeste Americano.

De Harry Flashman Paget se podría decir de él que es el prototipo de caballero inglés victoriano, brigada general, nombrado Sir por su majestad la Reina Victoria I, alto, atractivo, de trato exquisito, y sobretodo un “guerrero incansable” que participó en casi todos los grandes acontecimientos bélicos del siglo XIX: la primera guerra Anglo-Afgana, la guerra de Crimea, el Sitio de Cawnpore entre otras, y la que aqui reseño la batalla de Little Bighorn. Sigue leyendo

Barbarie y Civilización, Bernard Wasserstein

Una Historia de la Europa de nuestro tiempo.

Si algo ha caracterizado al Siglo XX ha sido por un lado la barbarie de las guerras, todo un siglo lleno de conflictos por todos los rincones del planeta y por otro lado un auge espectacular de la civilización en Occidente. Un siglo en el que han muerto millones de personas, han habido millones de desplazados, deportados y asesinados y al mismo tiempo un siglo en el que definitivamente el hombre ha asentado las bases de la educación, la sanidad, la esperanza de vida, el desarrollo tecnológico y el bien estar social. Ambos aspectos, barbarie y civilización cogidos de la mano.
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Los rebeldes de Filadelfia, David Liss

David Liss es un autor norteamericano de novela histórica especializado en el siglo XVIII y en tramas criminales de origen económico. El autor es conocido en España por una serie de novelas ( La conspiración de papel, la conjura, la compañía de seda) en la que un protagonista, Benjamín Weaver -judío asimilado y ex-boxeador – utiliza su astucia y sus puños para desentrañar la verdad en una sociedad que está en los albores del capitalismo. En esta serie de obras prima mas la acción y la trama policial que la historia. Son amenas y nos describen las practicas económicas del capitalismo inglés de Adam Smith y David Ricardo. Sigue leyendo